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Category: Development

How to create a website?

create a website

Date: 05.23.2022

Written By

Editorial Staff

I am a blog scientist by the mind and a passionate blogger by heart ❤️. Fountainhead of cyberindeed. I am a freelance writer and lover of all things tech, crafting and general geekery. i am currently living in New York, United States.

Understanding the creation of a website in general: The creation of a website goes through different stages that allow you to define the project in its entirety by reviewing all aspects of the creation.

To fully understand how to create a website, it is therefore necessary to know all the aspects that come into play. Choice of technology and frameworks, web programming languages, tools and software… From the realization of mockups to development, find out how website design goes.

Table of Contents

Create a website: Development technologies

When you are a novice, to start creating your website, the first questions that come to mind are: where to start to create a website? How to do?

The goal is not to necessarily teach you how to create a website but rather to understand and how to go about it. Blog, showcase site, e-commerce… let’s quickly get to the heart of the matter and the technical part of website design. To immediately question the techniques and technology that will be used to develop a website is legitimate.

When we talk about development technologies, we are referring in particular to the software and programming languages ​​used.

Know that there are indeed different ways to go about creating websites: CMS or standard Frameworks… each has its advantages and disadvantages that we will not necessarily discuss here. Let’s talk about the different techniques and languages.

Note that there are web applications that allow you to create a site without any programming knowledge such as Wix or Ionos.

These software will not be discussed here, we assume that they are not suitable for professional web design.

Web programming languages: html, css, php and javascript

When we talk about the creation of sites, we often repeat different programming languages ​​specific to the web: Html, Css and Php.

HTML: The basis for creating a website

If you don’t know, a website is displayed primarily in HTML, which stands for Hypertext Markup Language. This language makes up all web pages: from structure to content and forms, a web page mainly uses HTML in the form of markup.

  • To display a title on a web page, we use for example the h1 tag: <h1>My title</h1>
  • There are tags for different uses: to display <img> images , to display a form <form>, to display a paragraph <p>, to put in bold <strong>

In short, HTML is the basic language used for displaying web pages.

CSS: Style your website

To design a website, create a style specific to the site, we use another programming language, called CSS for Cascading Style Sheets. Understand, cascading style sheets for your web pages. This modifies the way in which the content will be displayed and presented on the screen: choice of colors, borders, background color, choice of font and size, position…

We thus personalize the website by defining display settings. It is thanks to CSS that we deploy and integrate the design of a site carried out upstream during the design of interfaces and models. CSS is usually used with HTML tags to put web design into practice.

Example to set the background color to red for a web page: body {background-color: red;}

The PHP language in website creation: Boosting a site

PHP is a programming language that is used on the server side and involves the notion of dynamic website.

On the server side? That is to say?
To sum up the creation of site on a single article is impossible. Let’s try to keep it short and concise with a concrete example and the use of forms on a website.

We have seen that HTML displays the content of a site on the screen. But when you fill out a form and submit it, what to do with the data processing? HTML is only used for display, but PHP allows you to process the data entered in the form.

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PHP language to create a website

Explanations. We talk about server processing, because we must understand that a website works in several stages which could be broken down as follows:

  1. The Internet user requests to display a page;
  2. The server processes the information;
  3. The server returns the page to display.

A website has a hosting on a web server and is used thanks to the Internet network. What the client sees is the tip of the iceberg, what the server will have made visible. On this same server, we therefore perform upstream processing before generating the final web page on the screen.

The PHP language thus makes it possible to process information in order to generate a web page. In the context of a CMS for example, the page is generated by retrieving the content through a database and rendered under a template. We therefore say that the PHP language makes a website dynamic, because we generate information on the server side (off screen) before making it visible on the client side (that is to say at the final display on the screens).

  • Thus, through a database like MySQL, we can generate and display dynamic content such as news, products etc.
  • Thus the notion of dynamics is opposed to the notion of static: If we were to display web pages whose content would be invariable, we would only use HTML for static pages. PHP is therefore essential in the production of dynamic web pages when we need to process data, usually from a database.

JavaScript to create interaction

There are many uses of JavaScript but in our case, we will only deal with the possibility of creating interactivity between your visitors and your pages. JavaScript is mainly executed on the client side, that is to say, it acts directly on the web page during the visit.

HTML vs. CSS vs. Javascript: What's the Difference? Long Beach Web Design  & SEO

In addition, it allows you to display messages on the screen during navigation such as alerts, popups or modals, to process the data of a form before sending, to interact with the constituent elements of a page such as buttons, links, images etc.

JavaScript also allows data to be exchanged between the web server and the web page displayed through the use of Ajax. To put it simply, this technique makes it possible to update a web page and its contents and process data without having to reload it on the screen.

Use a framework to create a site

We often talk about frameworks in IT, especially in the context of development, but what exactly is a framework?

To put it simply, a framework is a software solution, a development infrastructure to use wikipedia terms, making it possible to produce a final program thanks to a set of modules and tools made available. The use of a framework requires that we respect a certain development architecture thanks to design rules defined by the latter, what we can call patterns. In itself, the framework is the skeleton of the application to be created.

In website creation, we often talk about PHP and CMS frameworks. In summary, this implies that these frameworks are thus produced in PHP and specialized in content management system, therefore suitable for the development of websites.

The advantages of a framework are to allow faster development and simplified maintenance.

The use of CMS and PHP frameworks

To create a website, you can opt for the use of a CMS, that is to say software that allows you to create a site based on a content management system. The most famous of them is by far Wordpress for its versatility, the number of plugins available, and the whole community around.

However, we can cite several which are sometimes specific depending on the type of site that will be developed such as Joomla, Drupal or Prestashop and Magento to create e-commerce sites.

Admittedly, the advantage of this kind of tools is the ease of quickly creating a website. without any programming knowledge. However, without going into the source code, you will limit yourself to basic functionality even if frameworks like WordPress are quite comprehensive.

If you want to personalize your site and set up unique features, you will need to get your hands dirty or call on web professionals. To create websites, you can also use other PHP frameworks which also present an excellent alternative, such as Laravel, CakePHP or Symfony.

To summarize the technical part on how to make a website, it is the combined use of different web programming languages ​​and development techniques that make it possible to create a site.

A website is therefore created with several languages, often the 4 main ones presented above, namely a mix of HTML, CSS, Javascript and PHP. You can either create it using or not using a framework.

The choice of framework or the notion of a tailor-made site depends on the size of the project, the complexity of the functionalities and customizations, and his personal choices. There is no better way to do it.

It is however strongly recommended to use it, in order to make the site and therefore its source code, as easily maintainable as possible: respect for a design pattern, ability to develop the website, reuse of modules, plugins that have already proven themselves…

Website creation and webdesign

Another big part of a website, and not the least, this time, the interfaces and the design.

When we talk about web design, we talk about the realization of the graphic elements of a website: the general style, the choice of colors, menus, the arrangement of sections, the display of buttons, forms, banners, etc.

But besides the graphic aspect, there are many other factors to take into account. 2 inseparable but different elements that should be known when talking about web design.

An Entrepreneur's guide to create a website UX & UI

UI: User Interface

Before you launch headlong into the creation of your website, all the graphic elements must be thought out. Their display must be done with respect for a certain logic in addition to respecting a palette of colors and graphic elements.

Font, logos, visual identity… it is on the one hand to respect the graphic charter.

The way in which all the elements constituting the interface of your site will be arranged must be as coherent and attractive as possible. Interfaces are the elements that connect visitors to a site.

Tastes and colors are debatable, but on the web, there are still some fundamentals to respect:

  • Favor readable fonts and a contrast that makes reading easier;
  • Prefer light colors;
  • Standardize the size of menus, buttons, font size … Avoid using different fonts;
  • Make your menus and sections easily identifiable;
  • etc.

UX: User Experience

We could translate the user experience as the ability to take into account the needs and sensitivities of Internet users while including the objectives of your site. The user experience encompasses the user interfaces which are a means of achieving this: design adapted to different mobile responsive media, functional and intuitive design …

Provide a relevant display that brings visitors and encourages them to discover and explore the site and its contents, by positioning and highlighting the blocks, sections, buttons of your site correctly. But display is not everything…

Knowing how to create a website is not that easy when you really explore the subject thoroughly. We must also think in terms of functionality, what will make the difference, what will attract my visitors. How my site will be pleasant and better perceived by Internet users.

Google regularly recalls the importance of interactivity between site and users! And it is not for nothing. It is this alchemy between ergonomics, credibility and website SEO that will make a site more efficient and of quality.

The goal is to get Internet users to use your site as organicly as possible, thereby improving its browsing experience.

Software in website creation and web design

To create your interfaces, think about ergonomics, prepare your menus, headings, sections and blocks, there are many tools and software.

We won’t make an exhaustive list here, but the idea is just to understand that to create a website, you have to spend a lot of time in the design of the web design.

The use of tools and software to lay out your websites and define the structure of the pages is strongly recommended: For example, Photoshop and Gimp to create the graphic charter and interfaces, Balsamiq, Cacoo for the realization of functional mockups / prototypes.

How to prepare your project to create a website?

To create a website, we must therefore prepare a certain number of things, think about its design, create its interfaces and think about ergonomics, work on the way of presenting the pages and their content.

Choose the technology to use to develop it by opting or not for a particular framework, with a perfect mastery of the different software, languages ​​and web programming techniques.

From preparation to going online, there are various stages essential to the creation of a website, of which only a part of them will be scratched here!

Indeed, we are not talking here about the other essential points to be addressed from the web and creation domain, in particular in:

  • Definition and study of the project: Identification of the project, objectives, customers, competitors.
  • Writing content: editorial quality, presentation of a company’s activity, its services, blog articles, etc.
  • Marketing management and website seo including organic SEO, optimize for search engines and Google, to generate your traffic, integration of social networks…

Do not hesitate to call on a web professional to accompany you on this adventure, especially if you are a business. A professional and tailor-made site requires the support of web experts such as a web agency.

How is your website created?

In the process of creating or redesigning a website, we deliver quality sites adapted to your expectations after complete analysis and definition of the desired site:

  • General consulting
  • Analyse of needs
  • Goals definition
  • Competitive study
  • Realization of prototypes / webdesign
young lady learning sign language during online lesson with female tutor

We put a real emphasis on how you would like the site to appear, depending on your needs.
In the manufacturing and development process of our websites, we carry out various works in order to guarantee a final quality website that respects norms, standards and good practices, including in its management:

  • The creation of unique quality content or establishing good content strategy;
  • Writing optimized for the organic seo of your site (SEO);
  • The implementation of sales and marketing strategy (SEO and SEA campaigns, brand content, loyalty tools, emailing, customer area, social networks);
  • Quality development guaranteeing a fluid and technically clean site;
  • A responsive site adaptable to all media (PC, tablet and mobile).

We will then offer you monitoring and reporting to analyze your site over the months, and also actions to increase the visibility of your website and keep it alive:

  • Audits / statistics (Google Analytics / DataStudio, Search Console);
  • Reflection on the editorial line and communication plan;
  • Creation of tailor-made tools;
  • Tailor-made web maintenance with development, updating and evolution of the site.

How do we create your website? By adopting a studied approach to your project with a quality tailor-made service where nothing is left to chance.

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